Sleep Apnea in Women vs. Men

Posted by on Jan 30, 2020 in Sleep Apnea | 0 comments

Were you aware of the fact that women who have sleep apnea are more likely to be incorrectly diagnosed than men? Unfortunately, it’s true. Sleep apnea is a sleeping disorder in which the sleeper’s breathing starts and stops throughout the night. There are three main kinds of sleep apnea: 

  • Obstructive
    • Obstructive sleep apnea is the most common kind, occurring when muscles in the throat relax. When this happens, there isn’t enough air getting into the body with each breath, so, to make sure the sleeper doesn’t die, their brain will rouse them from sleep just briefly enough to open up the airways again. If this happens all night, which it does, the subject wakes up feeling tired because they never fully slept.
  • Central
    • Central sleep apnea occurs when the sleeper’s brain doesn’t properly communicate with their breathing muscles. This is less common than obstructive sleep apnea, but it still causes the sleeper to startle awake in the middle of the night. However, they usually wake up feeling short of breath and may notice waking up or having difficulty falling asleep more than someone with obstructive sleep apnea.
  • Complex
    • This syndrome, also known as treatment-emergent central sleep apnea, is a combination of both central and obstructive sleep apnea.

Even though it’s a common condition, sleep apnea can be serious if it goes untreated. When it comes to treatment, sometimes a doctor will simply prescribe a patient with exercise or other lifestyle changes. Smoking and sleeping on one’s back are both things that can be changed to help with sleep apnea. When that isn’t enough, they may give the patient a continuous positive airway pressure machine, or CPAP, for short. CPAP machines help people sleep by putting pressurized air into the airways so they stay open enough to breathe. 

Often, older people are more in danger of experiencing sleep apnea. Other high-risk demographics include people with a family history of sleep apnea, smokers, people who are heavier, and, for central sleep apnea, people who have had strokes in the past. Men are more likely to have sleep apnea than women, but, as I previously stated, women are not always correctly diagnosed when they do have sleep apnea. 

According to this website, women are often misdiagnosed because they show different symptoms than men do. While the main symptoms for men are gasping while sleeping, choking while sleeping, lack of focus, and excess snoring, women who struggle with sleep apnea are often found to have poorer memories, depression, morning headaches, and night sweats. They may also put on weight. Because the symptoms can differ between men and women, more women with sleep apnea are treated later than they should be, which is potentially dangerous.

Read More

How to Prevent Kitchen Injuries

Posted by on Jun 15, 2019 in Injuries | 0 comments

Restaurants are known for being a high-intensity workplace. Chefs and line cooks have to produce a large amount of high-quality food in a short time. This means that everyone has to work efficiently and cohesively. On top of this, it’s incredibly easy to get injured on the job.

If you’re working in a kitchen, here are some ways to minimize your risk of getting hurt:

  • Wear non-slip shoes

This is a requirement for all restaurants, and for a good reason. If you don’t follow this rule, you endanger yourself and those around you. It’s one thing to fall in the comfort of your own home, but falling in a bustling kitchen screams disaster, especially when you’re holding a knife or pot of hot oil.

  • Follow proper knife safety

If you’re using a knife, wear a cut glove on the hand opposite of the one using the knife. When you’re walking with a knife, alert those around you and never walk with the blade sticking out, unless you’re trying to grievously injure someone.

On top of this, follow the old saying, “a falling knife has no handle.” If you or someone drops a knife, don’t try to be a hero by catching it, it won’t end well. Jump back quickly and alert everyone to the falling knife.

  • Never put a knife in the sink

Okay, this one could probably go with the previous rule, but it definitely deserves its own rule. This is the cardinal rule of working in a kitchen. You can seriously hurt yourself or whoever else is washing dishes if they reach into a sink that’s full of soapy water and slice their hand on the knife. Most places have a dedicated place for dirty knives. If not, wash it yourself. It takes almost no time to properly wash a knife and put it back where it belongs.

  • Be careful with hot pots

When walking from one end of the kitchen to another with a hot pot, yell “hot pot” and walk slowly. Bumping into those around you can cause burns or make the floor slippery. If you do spill water, dry the floor as quickly as possible after you make sure people know of the potential hazard.

If the oil is spilled, make sure that every bit is cleaned up. Water may evaporate a bit on its own, but oil will stick around and trip anyone who walks on it.

Even if you follow all of these steps, you can’t always ensure that those around you do as well. Negligence is a leading cause of kitchen-related injuries and can quickly lead to serious injuries on behalf of the victim.

If you find yourself injured at the hands of someone else’s workplace negligence, contact Portner Bond, PLLC and get set up with an attorney who can help. Medical expenses and lost wages can pile up quickly if you’re injured on the, so make sure to get the help you deserve so that you’re back on your feet in no time.

Read More

Diversifying Energy Investments 101

Posted by on Mar 24, 2019 in Mineral Rights | 0 comments

Lately, I’ve been wondering about different types of investments. I’m still young and paying off some student loans, so I haven’t had the chance to really dive into the world of stocks, mutual funds, and other investments but it’s definitely on my mind more and more as I get older. I want to retire someday, and smart investing is the key to making that happen. Some people end up inheriting investments that they find strange or are unfamiliar with. Real estate is a prime example. Maybe your grandpa was a real estate agent that was really plugged into the housing markets across the country. He used his knowledge to turn money into more money through property investments. You might not have a clue about the housing markets, and it would be difficult for you to know how to manage that property, when to sell it, and how you can adapt it as markets shift. That’s okay though, you can always sell the properties when you inherit them and use the capital you get to invest in something that you are comfortable or familiar with. I recently found out about another great example, mineral rights. I was reading all about it on The Mineral Auction website. The Mineral Auction is a company that helps people with mineral rights find people looking to buy so that buyers and sellers can be sure they have a good deal. This company performs evaluations on your land so that buyers cannot trick sellers into taking an unfair deal. They also have a large database of contacts. This increased competition drives prices up, giving you more money for mineral rights.

Maybe you’ve inherited mineral rights from a deceased relative that knew a lot about the oil & gas industry. They bought a large piece of land in West Texas because they believed it was a prime area for drilling natural resources. You may not have knowledge or expertise in the energy sector, but that’s okay. You have the option to sell these mineral rights for what they’re currently worth and invest in something you enjoy. The Mineral Auction actually helps sellers to liquify their assets and then convert them into non-depleting assets. A non-depleting asset is an asset that won’t run out at any time. Mineral rights on a plot of land are definitely a form of a depleting asset. Let’s say you have mineral rights in an area, and then you allow a company to drill on your land. As companies drill for oil and gas, they’ll be paying you but they’ll also be making your land less valuable as they remove more and more resources. Should you see a company strip your land of resources completely, you will now have mineral rights on a piece of land without any valuable minerals. Non-depleting assets are things like renewable energy. Companies that produce energy through solar power or wind turbines will never run out of a means to produce energy, so they are considered non-depleting. This is definitely something that every person invested in mineral rights should consider as the world continues to invest in green energy more and more every year.

Read More

Taking a Look at DWIs and DUIs in Texas

Posted by on Sep 28, 2018 in Criminal Defense | 0 comments

Every state approaches DUIs and DWIs differently. While there are always similarities (a DUI is illegal everywhere, after all), the exact punishments and crimes differ somewhat state by state. As one of the largest states, Texas obviously has its share of DUI and DWI issues. We could all be served by understanding the law better, so that we can make the best choices for ourselves and for those we care about.

So, to begin, we need to consider what DUI charges look like in Texas. According to Ian Inglis Attorney at Law, Texas can charge individuals for all of the following:

  • Driving under the influence (DUI): a crime of driving with any alcohol in the system for someone under 21
  • Driving while intoxicated (DWI): a crime of driving with a blood-alcohol level above .08.
  • DWI or DUI with a child in the vehicle
  • Boating while intoxicated (BWI): operating a boat while intoxicated above the legal limit
  • Felony DWI or DUI: a more serious charge that is pursued in more serious situations, such as when a car accident leads to serious injuries or death, or when the individual has multiple convictions
  • Intoxicated assault: Causing serious injuries while DWI or DUI
  • Intoxicated manslaughter: Causing the death of another individual while DWI or DUI

The above charges can lead to different penalties depending on the specific charge and the circumstances surrounding those charges.

These penalties, no matter the context, are very serious. They will likely include a fine that will be at least $500 for the least serious charges. Those fines can jump into the thousands in some cases. A first time DWI offense could come with a $2000 fine, for instance.

Beyond the fines, there’s also a risk of a prison sentence. The likelihood of a prison sentence, and the length of the sentence increase with the seriousness of the charge and with the number of previous charges.

A third offense, for instance, can lead to up to 10 years in prison.

Less severe, but still very serious punishments can include a suspended license and the requirement to install an interlock device in the vehicle, which will regularly test the driver’s blood alcohol level. If they don’t meet the correct level, the car will either not turn on or will turn off (if it was already on when the failed test occurred). In Austin, anyone convicted of a DWI will have to install an interlock device, and they will have to do it at their own expense.

The above information should make it clear that Texas takes DWIs and DUIs very seriously. The penalties can potentially lead to serious financial difficulties and the loss of freedom. That’s why we need to do more to spread this information and help find people alternatives to risking a DUI or a DWI.

I hope that anyone reading this will take the information and share it with others, particularly those that might be most at risk of potentially driving under the influence or driving while intoxicated.

Read More

Should I buy a motorcycle?

Posted by on Oct 6, 2017 in Automobile Acidents | 0 comments

Am I the kind of guy who could pull off riding a motorcycle?

That’s the question I’m asking myself these days. Do I have it in me to be a rugged road warrior? Can I look good in black leather? Would I be willing to grow a paunch, get a Mom tattoo, grow an unreasonable beard and snarl at my fellow roadsters?

I’m looking to make a change in my life right now, something big. To date, nothing about me even whispers (let alone screams) “rebel.” I’ve never been a “take life by the haunches” sort of person. In fact, I’m the opposite. I’m careful. I got a good degree in school, and I worked almost full-time and put all my money towards my degree, so while m friends complain about the weight of student loan debts, I am debt free, because I’m careful.

Of course, those debt-ridden friends also spent time at parties and abroad and have low-paying put interesting jobs while I’m an accountant in a job I don’t despise, per se, but one which I have little actual interest in.

So, who made the better life choices here? I think the traditional choice would be me, the careful guy over here. I could be on a poster for mature life decisions at an early age. Now I’m approaching my mid-thirties, sometime in which I will official reach my middle expected age, I begin to question whether all that’s true.

Would I rather have my comfortable house and my comfortable car and my well-rated mortgage with little other debt to keep me up at night? Or would I rather have spent my twenties traveling, “finding myself,” and become a ballet dancer or joined a circus or something? What I’m missing in my well-ordered life is that spark of something crazy and daring, that moment when you run away from yourself just to turn around and take a good and proper look at what you left behind and what’s worth going back to and what’s best to leave forever.

I never did that. I wish I had.

Unfortunately, I’m not sure I have it in me. I certainly don’t have it in me to drop everything I have now and really change my life. I am as much a prisoner as an architect of my comfort now. I like it too much to risk it. I won’t quit my job. I won’t fly off for six months to Europe. (My God, the expense, I think to myself, and all those languages you don’t know! Then I faint.)

So, I’ve settled on the motorcycle. It’s like buying rebellion on the cheap. Just a leather jacket and a hog (are they all hogs? are some of them piglets?), and I’m transformed into someone with a more tolerable threshold for the carefree.

But then, I start thinking of the risk. The high number of accidents. The chance for injury at every turn.

Do I really have it in me? And even if I could get myself to buy one, won’t I just look like a fraud?

Read More